Government contracting goals are federally mandated goals requiring federal agencies to spend a specific percentage of contract dollars with small and diverse businesses. These goals are negotiated by the Small Business Administration and each individual agency, which in aggregate form the government-wide goal.
The current government-wide spend goal for small businesses is 23% of all contract dollars with subset goals in the following:
Small Disadvantaged Business: 5%
Certified HUBZone Small Business: 3%
The federal spend goals vs. actual federal spend can be found on U.S. government's small business data website.